Personality is best understood from two perspectives: personality from the inside and personality from the outside. Personality from the inside, called identity, is how we think we behave. Personality from the outside, called reputation, is how others experience our behaviour.Reputation has two components. Normal personality describes the strengths and weaknesses people experience when you are at your best. Dark-side personality describes your derailers, personality characteristics that emerge during times of increased stress or pressure.
Why does personality matter?
Think about your last job interview. Odds are, you fielded dozens of questions aimed at determining whether you would succeed at the job for which you were interviewing and whether you had potential to move into a leadership role.
But when it comes to predicting future performance, only three things matter: whether you can do the job, whether you will like the job, and what will get in your way. Personality assessment provides accurate, objective answers.
Can you do the job?
Individuals should be able to perform their job – pilots should know how to fly, engineers should know math, and writers should know the difference between affect and effect. But career success depends on more than the right set of technical skills. Normal personality describes how you work, how you relate to your peers, and how you will lead.
Will you like the job?
Even if you can do the job, will you be happy doing it? Being happy at your job is about finding the right fit. Values – your core goals, interests, and drivers – determine in what type of job, position, and environment you will be the most happy and productive.
What will get in your way?
On the way to the top, the line between strength and weakness is not always clear. The same strengths that helped launch your career can become debilitating derailers under the pressure of the corner office. Understanding your derailers can help you recognise performance risks and build the self-awareness you need to succeed.